月季花Rosa chinensis Jacq.

月季花Rosa chinensis Jacq.

别名:Chinese rose;萨日乃-其其格;月季;月月红;四季花;墨红;玫瑰;勒泡;刺牡苔;刺玫花;长春花;刺牡丹;月月花;月月开;四季墙薇;四季春;胜春;斗雪红;瘦客;绸春花;腥腥血;珠墨双;四季红;珠墨双(火/军);

科名:蔷薇科 Rosaceae

属名:蔷薇属 Rosa

月季花Rosa chinensis Jacq.

《中国植物志》第37卷422页
  55.月季花 (群芳谱)月月红(江苏浙江),月月花(四川)
  Rosa chinensis Jacq. Obs. Bot. 3: 7. t. 55. 1768; Willmott, Gen. Ros. 1: 79. 1911; Rehd. et Wils. in Sarg. Pl. Wils. 2:320. 1915; Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. 7: 527. 1933; 广州植物志297.图152. 1956; 江苏南部种子植物手册357. 1959; Vidal in Fl. Camb. Laos et Vietn. 6:142. 1968 et in Fl. Thailand 2 (1) .65. 1970; , 中国高等植物图鉴2: 252。图2233. 1972; 秦岭植物志1 (2): 571. 1974; 内蒙古植物志3: 63. 图版31. 图5-6.1977. ——R. sinica L. Syst. Veg. ed. 13. 394. 1774. ——R. nankinensis Lour. Fl. Cochinch. 324. 1790. ——R. indica auct. non L. 1753: Lour. Fl. Cochinch. 323. 1790; Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 2:364. 1878.
种中文名:月季花
种拉丁名:Rosa chinensis Jacq.
种别名  :月月红(江苏浙江),月月花(四川)
命名来源:[Observationum Botanicarum 3: 7, pl. 55 1768]
中国植物志:37:422
英文植物志:9:368
系中文名:宿萼小叶系
系拉丁名:Ser.Webbianae
组中文名:月季组
组拉丁名:Sect.Chinenses
亚属中文名:蔷薇亚属
亚属拉丁名:Subgen.Rosa
属中文名:蔷薇属
属拉丁名:Rosa
亚科中文名:蔷薇亚科
亚科拉丁名:ROSOideae Pocke
科中文名:蔷薇科
科拉丁名:Rosaceae
纲中文名:双子叶植物纲
纲拉丁名:DICOTYLEDONEAE
门中文名:被子植物门
门拉丁名:ANGIOSPERMAE
参考文献:Rosa ehinensls Jacq.Obs.Bot.3:7.T.55.1768;Willmott,Gen.Ros,1:79.1911: Rehd.Er Wils,in Sarg.P1.Wils.2:320.1915;Hand.—Mazz.Symb.Sin.7:527.1933;广 州植物志297. 图152.1956;江苏南部种子植物手册357. 1959; Vidal in F1.Camb. Laos ct Vietn.6:142.1968 ct in FI.Thailand 2(1):65。1970;中国高等植物图鉴2:252。 图2233.1972;秦岭植物志1(2):5,1.1974;内蒙古植物志3:63.图版31.图5—6. 1977.——R.Sinica L,Syst.Veg·cd.13.394.1774.--R.Nankinensis Lour.F1.Co· chinch.324;1790.——R.Indica auct.Non L.1753:Lour,F1.Cochinch.323,1790: Hook.F.F1.Brir.Ind.2:364.1878.
本系概述:Ser.Webbianae Yu et Ku in Bull.Bot.Res.1(4):4.1981. 本系有下列9种。

《Flora of China》 Vol. 9 (2003)
Rosa chinensis  Jacquin
月季花   yue ji hua
Shrubs erect, 1–2 m tall. Branchlets purple-brown, terete, robust, subglabrous; prickles abundant to absent, curved, stout, flat. Leaves including petiole 5–11 cm; stipules mostly adnate to petiole, free parts auriculate, margin entire, often glandular-pubescent, apex acuminate; rachis and petiole sparsely prickly and glandular-pubescent; leaflets 3–5, rarely 7, greenish abaxially, dark green adaxially, broadly ovate or ovate-oblong, 2.5–6 × 1–3 cm, both surfaces subglabrous, adaxially often shiny, base subrounded or broadly cuneate, margin acutely serrate, apex long acuminate or acuminate. Flowers 4 or 5 and fasciculate, rarely solitary, slightly fragrant or not, 4–5 cm in diam.; pedicel 2.5–6 cm, subglabrous or glandular-pubescent; bracts 1–3, linear, glabrous, margin glandular or entire, apex acute. Hypanthium ovoid-globose or pyriform, glabrous. Sepals 5, deciduous, ovate, sometimes leaflike, abaxially glabrous, adaxially densely villous, margin entire or few pinnately lobed, rarely entire, apex caudate. Petals 5, semi-double or double, red, pink, white, or purple, obovate, base cuneate, apex emarginate. Styles free, exserted, nearly equaling stamens, pubescent. Hip red, ovoid or pyriform, 1–2 cm in diam., glabrous. Fl. Apr–Sep, fr. Jun–Nov. 2n = 21*, 28*.
Native in Guizhou, Hubei, Sichuan; also widely cultivated in China [widely cultivated elsewhere].

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